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All You Need To Know About The Monkeypox Disease

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Monkeypox disease outbreak has been reported in Agbura, Balyesa State, Nigeria after a man was reportedly said to have killed and eaten a monkey, after which families and neighbors become infected with monkeypox. Similar symptoms observed in smallpox such as skin rash, headache, skin irritation etc was observed.
Below is a breakdown of the monkeypox, the causative agent, mode of transmission, signs, symptoms and prevention.
Introduction
Monkeypox disease is zoonotic in nature, it is transmitted by the monkeypox virus. The disease was first discovered in laboratory monkeys, hence the origin of the name. The virus infects mostly rodents and occasionally primates in its natural state.
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It is a disease indigenous to West and Central Africa. An outbreak once occurred in the United States in 2013, which was traced to a pet store which sells imported pouched rats from Gambia.
Virus classification;
Group: Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA)
Order: unassigned
Family: Poxviridae
Subfamily: Chordopoxvirinae
Genus: Orthopoxvirus. (this genus also includes variola which causes smallpox, vaccinia virus used in smallpox vaccine and cowpox virus)
Specie: Vaccinia virus.
The first outbreak of monkeypox disease was discovered in 1958 when a pox-like disease was discovered in colonies of monkeys kept for research. The first human infection with monkeypox virus was in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo at a time the country was battling with smallpox. Ever Since there has been rapid spread of the monkeypox disease in humans particularly in central and West Africa. The United States outbreak is the only time humans have been infected with monkeypox disease  outside Africa
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The natural host of the monkeypox virus remains unknown. However, it is strongly believed that the African rodent species play a role in transmission.
Over time, Two distinct genetic groups of the monkeypox virus have been identified; the West African and the central African. The West African is the less severe of the two, it causes fewer deaths and restricted human to human transmission.
Signs and symptoms
Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox but milder, it usually starts with a fever, exhaustion, muscle aches and headache. The main differentiating symptoms of monkeypox and smallpox is that monkeypox cause lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes) while small pox does not. The time of infection to the observation of symptoms (incubation period) for monkeypox is usually 7 – 14 days but can extend from 5 – 21days.
The illness begins with;
Fever
Headache
Muscle aches
Backache
Swollen lymph nodes
Chills
After the appearance of the fever, within 1 to 3days, sometimes longer. Patients begin to develop a rash, often starting from the face then a gradual spread to other body parts.
The following are the stages of lession progression before falling off;
Macules
Papules
Vesicles
Pustules
The disease state last for 2-4weeks. It has been reported that monkeypox cause death in about 1 in 10 people who are infected with the disease.
Transmission
The virus causing monkeypox disease can be transmitted when a person has a direct contact with the virus from another person, animal or materials which have been contaminated with the virus. The virus route into the body is through broken skin (which might not be visible), the mucous membranes (mouth, nose or eyes) or the respiratory tract.
Transmission between animal to humans may occur by scratch, bites, bushmeat delicacy preparation, contact with bodily fluids or lesion, indirect contacts such as through contaminated bedding or linen materials. Transmission between humans mainly occurs through respiratory droplets, which cannot travel more than a few feet, so for infection to occur, there must be a prolonged face to face contact.
Prevention
The following are measures that should be taken to prevent infection with monkeypox disease. 
⛔Avoid animals that have been identified as carriers of the monkeypox virus (including sick animals, dead animals in areas where there is monkeypox outbreak).
⛔Avoid beddings, materials that have been in contact with a sick animal.
⛔Quarantine infected patients from others to prevent the risk of infection.
⛔Time to put your hygiene cap on, wash your hand after coming in contact with infected animals or humans. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and apply an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
⛔Are you working as a volunteer staff or a nurse caring for infected patients, use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.
⛔Avoid crowded places.
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Amaechi Vows To Release Names Of Those Sabotaging Security

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Minister of Transportation, Rotimi Amaechi has said that cabals are frustrating the recently approved $198m maritime security contract.

Amaechi vowed to publicly mention names of saboteurs while speaking at a Maritime Stakeholders’ Interactive Forum held in Warri, Delta State on Thursday.

He said “Reason, why vessels will not come to the Eastern ports, is because there is war insurance due to insecurity in the ports here.

“The war insurance means if the goods cost N10,000 in Lagos, it will cost N20,000 here because there is an extra cost on it due to Insecurity issues. Even as a minister, I can’t enter a boat ride from Warri to Port Harcourt due to insecurity issues, but I can move around Lagos at any time of the day.

“I once asked a former Governor of Anambra State, Peter Obi, why people from Anambra don’t import from Port Harcourt port, and he said it cost less to import from Lagos and move to Onitsha even with the price they pay on the road. It is cheaper to import from Lagos to Aba, yet Aba to Port Harcourt is a 30-minute drive.

“For shipowners, you need to do a petition to Mr President. The President approved a contract of $195m for maritime security, but there are people in the system sabotaging the contract because it will restore security in the water. I won’t say who they are until it gets out of control. We are still battling for the contract to take place, but if it gets out of place, we will name them publicly, including the security people involved.

“There are people who make billions of Dollars from the insecurity on the water, so they don’t want security on the water because if we secure the water, all their rubbish will go.

“There are businesses which provide the vessel for oil companies in the name of providing security. The moment we secure the water, they are out of jobs?

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Prison Officer Brutalizes Son, Injures Him For Playing Football (Graphic)

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According to a photographer who shared photos of a teenage boy brutalized by his father, almost went into coma after he sustained a deep injury on his head, just for playing football.

The Nigerian Prisons staff beats his son from 7:00pm till 2:30 am, says report.

See what the photographer/Instagram user wrote..

This happened at Oluwatedo area of Ibadan, Mr Adepoju Biodun is married with three kids,he works with Nigerian prison service Agodi,ibadan.his eldest child is Israel, On 16th February 2018 Israel went to play football and after the football his father beat him from 7:00pm till 2:30am in the early hours of Saturday till he sustained a deep cut on his head with blood everywhere in the house.his the appropriate way to correct or chastise our child. This is beyond chastisement. Israel was beaten to coma before he was later rushed to Don Bosco specialist hospital Ogungbade. I will soon upload the surface area of the deep cut as soon as they open it.his siblings also tolu and praise served severe punishment, they were relieved as soon as Israel was rushed to the hospital. Please share until the appropriate authorities sees this especially Nigerian prisons, UNICEF. #UNICEF #law #crazyfather #ibadan #opayemioludayo
#tolanialli #bayoomoboriowo #michaelomoboriowophotography #ajimobi #florenceajimobi #lawyer #nigerianprison #nigerianprison #freshfm #splashfm #inspirationfm

Beating for your son for playing football? My God.

Someone please remind him how much Neymar is worth per week!!! Kaii

There is another angle to look at this… No father in his right mind would do this to his own son!!! This is a clear case MENTAL ILLNESS/TRUMA probably due to the nature of his work. I am not a psychologist but I know in that in Nigeria  we lack the culture of looking out for the signs of mental fatigue amongst our workers in all sector. Military /Paramilitary have no proper way of been evaluated for any form of work trauma. This man could be having or experiencing trauma as the result of the nature of his job. May God help him and his family.

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UYO STATE LAWMAKER RESCUES PUPILS AGAIN …DONATES DESKS TO SCHOOL

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The member representing Uyo State Constituency in the Akwa Ibom State House of Assembly, Rt. Hon. Monday Eyo Okon, on Friday, donated 120 desks to the pupils of Government Primary School, Aka Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

Hon. Monday Eyo who described Education as a bedrock of any society, and for any society to make progress, stated that when the foundation that is the primary level of education is well laid, motivated and properly activated, the child who is at the centre of learning is well prepared, informed and sharpened for the future both mentally and physically.

Headmaster of the School, Mr. Simon Edet Eyo, alongside the Village Head of Aka 1, Eteidung Francis, Hon. Kufre Mendi, while receiving the Lawmaker, commended him for his kind gesture and rapid response to the plight of the pupils within the short notice of time.

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PDP RESPONSIBLE FOR FUEL HIKE- Don Etiebet …BLAMES OBJ,JONATHAN FOR OIL SPILLS IN NIGER DELTA

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Former Petroleum Minister Chief Don Etiebet says the current fuel crisis in Nigeria is caused by the opposition Peoples Democratic Party.

Speaking in an interview in Uyo, Chief Etiebet the APC leader in Akwa Ibom explained that the petroleum distribution in Nigeria is controlled by PDP members who are causing the fuel hike to project President Muhammadu Buhari as a failure.

Buhari is the substantive Ministet of Petroleum in Nigeria.

“Who are still controlling the petroleum distribution in Nigeria; it is still the original PDP marketers.”

He attributed the fuel hike to the impending elections in the country, saying it is an attempt by the PDP marketers to discredit APC.

 “Election time is coming and they are doing all kinds of thing for petrol not to be available, and what do they want? They want increase I petrol price so that they can use that against APC”

Etiebet, who was minister of petroleum under Gen. Sani Abacha attributed all oil spill in the South-South Zone to illegal bunkering.

He said illegal bunkering in Nigeria where sponsored by the previous Government OF Chief Olusegu Obasanjo and Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.

“Many Government in the past even up to the last Government have been supporting illegal bunkering; please quote me, I am the former minister for petroleum and I know the details”

On the proposed reintroduction of onshore/offshore oil dichotomy by the APC restructuring Committee, Dr. Etiebet said there was nothing wrong with the committee report.

“ I believe what the committee meant maybe oil discovered or produced outside that isoba boundary.”

He assured that president buhari has done well for Akwa Ibom with the development programme been seen in all part  Akwa Ibom state and urged Akwa Ibom people to rally round him for the re-election of President Buhari in 2019

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The NANS JCC Chairman Comrade. Ekanem Utibe seeks for partnership with wema bank

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By Our Source

****Pleads with Bank to erect an Atm machine at heritage polytechnic and other tertiary institution in state
Akwa Ibom State NANS JCC Chairman Comrade Ekanem Utibe, accompanied by the Secretary General Comr. Akanimo Ifiokonon, Director of sports Comr. Akan Udom, P. R. O Comr.  Kokoette Udom and Enoima Monday Udosoh Monday, were today received by the Dir of Special Duty of WEMA BANK Mr Victor Akpan at Eket LGA branch who directed to the office of the branch service manager.
The chairman appealed to the bank management to assist the students community by erecting an Atm Machine at the campus for the benefit of Nigerian students and the bank. 
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